what is wellness

What Is Wellness And Why Does It Matter?


Wellness encompasses both physical and mental health, as they are closely interconnected. 

This article explores the concept of wellness and its significance in relation to overall health. It emphasizes the importance of achieving well-being in various aspects of life, including emotional, physical, occupational, intellectual, financial, social, environmental, and spiritual dimensions. 

By understanding this concept, individuals can enhance their daily lives and navigate challenges with intention and holistic health.

What Is Wellness?

Wellness is an active and self-directed process of reaching one’s full potential as an individual. It involves consciously making choices that contribute to a positive and fulfilling life. It considers factors such as the environment, mental well-being, and overall health. It goes beyond mere physical health and encompasses personal growth, satisfaction, and a state of thriving.

The World Health Organization and the Global Wellness Institute both highlight the importance of active pursuit and individual effort in achieving holistic health. They state that it encompasses a comprehensive approach to well-being, including aspects such as nutrition, exercise, rest, stress management, and social interactions. It involves preventing diseases, adopting healthy lifestyles, and promoting overall prosperity and personal contentment.

The Difference between Health And Wellness

Health refers to a state of being free from illness or disease, while wellness is an active and ongoing process of pursuing optimal health and well-being. 

Wellness encompasses behaviors and choices that contribute to holistic health, such as engaging in physical activity, maintaining a balanced diet, getting sufficient sleep, and avoiding harmful habits.

What are the Principles of Wellness?

The principles of wellness involve striving for balance, taking self-responsibility, and maintaining a positive and proactive mindset. It requires self-awareness, acknowledging one’s feelings, values, and attitudes, and managing emotions constructively.

Wellness also entails actively seeking support from others, valuing routines and healthy habits, and recognizing the interconnectedness of various aspects of well-being.

What are the 8 Dimensions Of Wellness?

  1. Physical Dimension: Taking care of one’s body through exercise, nutrition, rest, and health-promoting behaviors.
  2. Emotional Dimension: Understanding and managing one’s emotions, having a positive outlook, and developing emotional resilience.
  3. Social Dimension: Maintaining healthy relationships, fostering connections, and making positive contributions to the community.
  4. Vocational/Occupational Dimension: Finding personal fulfillment and satisfaction in work or activities aligned with one’s values and goals.
  5. Intellectual Dimension: Continuously expanding knowledge and skills, embracing intellectual challenges, and valuing lifelong learning. Spend time writing and journaling.
  6. Spiritual Dimension: Finding purpose, meaning, and values in life, engaging in activities that align with one’s beliefs, and nurturing spiritual well-being.
  7. Financial Dimension: Managing resources effectively, making informed financial decisions, and planning for short-term and long-term needs.
  8. Environmental Dimension: Recognizing the impact of the environment on well-being and taking responsibility for sustainable practices.

How To Improve One’s Wellness

Improving wellness involves creating balance, seeking support from others, valuing routines and healthy habits, and making deliberate choices that align with personal values and goals. 

Taking small steps towards a healthier lifestyle, such as incorporating exercise, practicing mindfulness, nurturing social connections, and maintaining a positive mindset, can significantly contribute to overall well-being. It is important to prioritize self-care, engage in activities that bring joy, and continuously strive for personal growth and fulfillment.

By embracing the principles of wellness and focusing on each dimension of well-being, individuals can enhance their overall quality of life and cultivate resilience in the face of challenges. 

Achieving optimal wellness is a lifelong journey that requires self-awareness, self-care, and a proactive approach to holistic health.

Jerome Puryear

Dr. Jerome Puryear Jr., MD, MBA, is a Health and Well-being coach and renowned Obesity in Medicine expert. With a holistic perspective on patient care, Dr. JP is dedicated to helping individuals maximize their health and well-being.